Natural Motion
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Natural Motion
Universal Gravitation
Cold Fusion
Pulsing Thrust
Challenger Studies
Oil Spill Disaster


To be added:


Failure Mechanisms

Cosmic Life Line

Sci Study of UFOs

Solo Sapiens

Philosophy of Science

Patent: "Method for Producing Natural Motion"

Title                          Method for Producing Natural Motions
Patent No.              6,826,449
Issue Date             11/30/2004
Application Date  12/30/1997
Inventor                  Ali F. AbuTaha

Patent is available on (United States Patent and Trademark Office) and the Internet. Also, see Patent Application below.

Also, Go To (Below): Natural Motion, Levitation and Anti-gravity

Wave-Induced Motion
Submitted to PTO to support and defend Patent Application, March 2002 (PDF 332KB)

A comprehensive Report that gives detailed  mathematics, physics, and mechanics of the Invention, including applications to Living Motions. The Report also correlates test results using  macro-sized bodies to fundamental quantum effects.

Wave Modulations in Space Systems
Letter to Physics Today (6/29/2009) Submitted to the Augustine Committee, 7/30/2009 (PDF)

Letter gives a synopsis of the Natural Motion Invention and how it applies in space systems.

Unique Features of the Self-Motion Mechanism

  • Energy is converted into motion in one step.

  • Power plant is small fraction of the total weight.

  • Diverse maneuverability: Turning on a dime or even moving sideways.

  • Emulates brain-muscle system.

  • Quantized steps correlate to quantum mechanics.

  • Vital to evaluate and treat motion disorder diseases, and to actuate artificial limbs.

The First Principles of Natural Philosophy
Submitted to DOD with other write-ups, September 30, 1995 (PDF)

…How do we really move? How does the simplest organism induce its own motion from within itself? What is the Primary Cause of natural motion? Is it Aristotle’s Soul, or Anaxagoras’ Mind, or Newton’s certain most subtle Spirit, or Leibniz’a vis viva, or Kepler’s Anima Motrix? Will the cause of natural motion remain hidden forever as Gassindi, Newton, Locke, Berkley, Hume and other great thinkers believed? Is the cause transparent to the human intellect as Aristotle, Descartes, Huygens and Leibniz claimed, but without proof? Will we know the Ultimate Reality of Motion only in mathematical terms, as suggested by Galileo, Newton, Fourier, Maxwell, Eddington, Einstein, and twentieth century scientists? In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, will science be forever content with abstract equations describing forms and sequences of shadows on the wall of the cave and never see the ultimate reality in the bright light of the Sun outside of the Cave?

The majesty of natural motion can be greatly appreciated on seeing mechanical models, or inanimate bodies, move on their own. I have had the delight to construct, watch and feel many such models- - - without wheels, gears, levers, pulleys, springs, or other common mechanical devices used heretofore.

I kept close watch on the weather, just in case the lifeless models had a preference there. I turned them north, south, east and west. I tried different times of the day and night. I moved electric wires around. Also, I continued to analyze the factors and conditions affecting the mysterious motion.

I tried the concept on my body. I placed some models against my humerus, scapula, torso or other bones, and in some cases I felt momentum (motion) imparted to my body: Without command from Mind, Soul, Spirit, or any other incorporeal agent.

My findings show the correctness of the Aristotelian definition and that living motion is primary to physics; to the study of motion of man, horse, bird, fish, electron, photon, etc.

Proposals to Universities, Invited Talk, Abstract 1997

Proposal to alma mater, GWU, and other Universities to present the Natural Motion Discovery (September 1997).

Invitation to Present the Discovery of Self-Motion in Jordan (October 6, 1997)

Abstract of the Discovery of Self-Motion, or Natural-Mechanical-Quantum-Motion, The First Conference on Materials Science, Mu'tah University, Jordan (November 1-4, 1997)

Invention of Natural-Mechanical-Quantum-Motion
Invited Talk, The First Conference on Materials Science (CMS1), Mu'tah University, Jordan, November 1 - 4, 1997 (PDF)

Self-motion denotes the natural motions that bodies and particles produce from within themselves. The author produced self-motion in lifeless bodies by dynamic coupling of mechanical waves in the bodies or their parts. An extensive experimental program revealed that self-motion obeys quantum rules. This paper describes the discovery of self-motion, the equations of self-motion and some implications of the discovery. The theory of self-motion is a radical step, which clarifies difficulties encountered in classical, quantum and electromagnetic theories, such as, the particle-wave and force-field concepts. Self-Motion, or Natural Motion, is Natural-Mechanical-Quantum-Motion.

A Major Departure in Thinking about Motion

Implications of the Discovery of Self-Motion in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Medicine, Engineering, Psychology, Cosmology and Philosophy.

Discovery of Self-Motion, or Natural-Mechanical-Quantum-Motion
Submitted to the Physical Review Letters, November 23, 1997

An extensive experimental program, which led to the discovery, revealed that self-motion obeys quantum rules. The discovery of self-motion is a radical step, which clarifies great difficulties encountered in classical, quantum and electromagnetic physics, as well as the other sciences and their derivatives. This paper describes the discovery of self-motion, the equations of self-motion and some implications of the discovery.

This is similar to the astronauts marching in place in micro-gravity environment. In these cases, the absence of the downward force vector deprived the movers from moving forward.

It took many tests to determine with certainty that self-motion does not follow Newton’s equations.

When some self-motion models were attached to the author’s arm, the exciting oscillations produced tremors of the arm; and it may be that the opposite effect can be used to cure motor-diseases, such as, Parkinson disease.

Experts and students of psychology will find these experiments useful in studying the mind-body interactions.

Discovery of Self-Motion
Submitted to the Physical Review Letters, August 30, 1999

Self-motion was a central issue in Aristotelian physics. The subject has been generally neglected for four centuries. The author discovered that self-motion can be produced by dynamic coupling of two or more pulse trains within the moving body. Changing the frequency or the amplitude of the pulses can change the speed, direction and other characteristics of the motion. This paper describes the self-motion mechanism, delineates some of its features and gives step-by-step directions for others to reproduce and further study the effect.

Researchers can reproduce the motion effect by following the steps given below… In the initial trials, the following ratios and ranges are recommended:

8. Try specialized motions with the mechanism, e.g., pendulum, rocking, orbital, uphill and joints motions.

Construction of Living Motion Engines
Submitted to Science, September 1, 1999

The mechanism responsible for living motions has been one of the deepest mysteries. No one has been able to produce these motions in lifeless bodies. The author discovered that coupling two or more mechanical harmonic oscillations within a body or its parts could produce living motions. He further derived the equations that govern the motions and constructed many working models to demonstrate and verify the effect. In this paper, the author describes the above findings and the steps that other researchers can take to produce working models of motoneuron systems, or muscle motor units, that move.

How do we move? How do animals move? How do the simplest living organisms produce their motions from within themselves? These and similar age-old questions have not been satisfactorily answered in scientific terms. Aristotle attributed living motions to Soul, Sir Isaac Newton wrote in the Principia that the motions are due to some sort of Spirit, and Dr. Albert Einstein wondered that living motions do not obey Newton's Laws of Motion. Attempts to describe living motions in classical, electromagnetic, relativistic or quantum terms have not been satisfactory.

In this paper, the author describes the steps to construct a motoneuron engine that emulates the workings of the brain-body motion engine.

The Mechanical Ultraviolet Catastrophe, Problems with Force, Energy and Momentum
Submitted to Physics Journal, December 1999

One hundred years ago, scientists encountered a strange problem in the behavior of radiation, which was dubbed the "ultraviolet catastrophe." It took nearly thirty years to settle the issue with modern "quantum mechanics." In the 1980s, I projected that incredible speeds could be produced with my Natural Motion mechanism. It took a lengthy effort to recognize that I was dealing with a situation similar to the ultraviolet catastrophe of one hundred years ago, which I call, "The Mechanical Ultraviolet Catastrophe."

Wave-induced-motion, produced by the superposition and modulation of waves trapped in the bulk, reveals peculiar effects unnoticed before. Energy seems not be conserved, momentum is not conserved, and two distinct forces, accelerating and non-accelerating forces, are detected, measured and analyzed in wave-induced-motions. Infinite speeds, which seem to be attainable from simple mathematical projections, are simply not attainable. This paper discusses the above problems.

- - -The above results are in general agreement with measurements. Similar behavior is shown in Videotape that was submitted by the author to several professional organizations.

- - -The law of inertia, however, is strictly meant for frictionless motions. This matter requires resolution by the physics and other professional communities.

Modeling Muscles Action, December 1999
Submitted to Medical Journal, December 1999

Have you ever tried a Ouija Boardtm or a similar game? Did you ever wonder what causes the plastic element to move in a direction perpendicular to the direction of the applied forces? Have you tried to produce similar motions with bodies made of steel, aluminum, brass, glass, wood, or other materials? Have you tried to produce the same effect with large objects, such as, a refrigerator? Is the motion caused by innervation of your arms' muscles, or by innervation of the plastic element itself, or by mysterious spirits, as Sir Isaac Newton wrote? It took many years and countless tests to answer these questions.

Here I report how correct modeling of muscles' action led to the discovery of natural, or wave-induced, motions and to the correct dynamic analysis of the motions. Also, it is shown that the equal and opposite action-reaction force pairs can no longer be discarded in evaluating the motion and performance of biological and mechanical systems.

It is thus seen that the basic mathematical analysis of natural, or wave-induced, motions is straightforward. The motion mechanism explains how muscles directly convert pulse trains into motion, without ropes, gears, pulleys or linkages. The antagonistic action of muscles, i.e., the ability to push and pull, is also clarified with our motion models. The ropes and rubber band models, used by other researchers, do not explain the antagonistic action.

- - -This finding greatly alters our understanding of the mind-body interaction. To produce start-stop, start-stop motion of a car requires repeated pushing of the accelerator (excitatory neuron action), brake (inhibitory neuron action), intelligence (or computers), feedback circuits, etc. Our research shows that only excitatory neural action is required to produce stepping, or rhythmic, motions; whether walking, breathing, heart beats, etc.

- - -When the pegs were pressed against the model, the model moved readily in the normal direction- - - The last experiment was inspired by tests conducted at reputable research centers, which study the phenomenal motions of fish, dolphins, and whales. Fish placed between pegs out of water, as shown with our lifeless wooden motion model in Fig. 2, move swiftly forward- - -

Self-Motion Products (1999 and Today)

Self-motion techniques will revolutionize motions in the Third Millennium. Our motion mechanism will find applications in many areas, including, Medical, Aeronautics, Robotics, Transportation, Industrial Movers, and Toys.

Human-Motion-Belts: These are self-contained belts with two small motors, a battery pack, and a switch. Offset masses on the motors' shafts produce mechanical pulses that innervate the muscles to induce forward motion of the human body. The motors are placed near the hip joints, and when activated at the proper frequency, the motors act as giant neuromuscular junctions. The pulses generated by the motors bypass the nervous system to activate the muscles.

Self-Motion Products (2002 and Today)

In simple terms: Controllable, repeatable, linear and diverse forms of motion of bodies or their parts are  induced by applying two or more trains of pulses on the surface, or inside, of the body. Applying the pulses directly to the body, or indirectly on a harness, belt, etc. induces motion. A simple method of pulse production is to use small dc motors with rotating unbalanced masses.

AbuTaha has developed extensive database, unavailable anywhere else, which shows the behavior and the characteristics of the motion mechanism in terms of velocity, acceleration, force, momentum, energy and other basic dynamic parameters.

Micro and Miniature Platforms Based on Self-Motion Mechanism (2001)

Operational Capability: Portable and interchangeable Motion Modules. Maneuver where wheels cannot. Turn Energy into Motion in One Step. Power Plant a small fraction of total weight. Turn on a dime or move sideways. Give our fighters state-of-the-art mobility.

Self-Motion Services (1999 and Today)

Self-motion is the most recent Innovation announced by Dynamic Transients, Inc. (DTI). Since the mid-1980s, DTI has emphasized the value of interdisciplinary approach to solving modern engineering and science problems. In addition, DTI has specialized in clarifying the dynamic transient phenomenon and its adverse effects in the design of aircraft, spacecraft, launch vehicles, nuclear power reactors and other modern systems.

List of Self-Motion Models in 1-hr Video Tape Demonstrations (1999)

Scientists and engineers will see HOW:

  • Energy is converted to motion in one step.
  • Modified propellers produce motion at lower RPM.
  • Power plant can be a fraction of total weight.
  • Mechanism produces stresses (unknown before) in aircraft, spacecraft, launch vehicles and other structures.
  • Bodies of different material and geometry respond in  motion.
  • Quantum and electromagnetic effects are produced mechanically.

Thrill collectors of your toys with drive-belts that can produce infinite gaits and motions in dolls, action figures, and other toys that stand on 1, 2, 3, or more legs. Put life in old and new toys.

White Paper: Natural-Motion, or Self-Motion, Mechanism (1998)

This white paper describes (1) the invention of a natural-motion, or self-motion, mechanism, (2) basic characteristics, unique features and significance of the innovation, and (3) proposed follow-up activities- - -

- - -The program evolved in three phases, each of which consisted of thousands of tests:

  1. Inertial and gyroscopic effects.
  2. Unidirectional mechanical oscillations.
  3. Orthogonal oscillations.

- - -by analogy to electromagnetic wave propagation, I applied two orthogonal mechanical oscillations to bodies of different materials and geometry and produced repeatable and controllable motions.

With further refinement, I was able to produce controlled motion of the models: Forward, backward, in any direction, up inclined surfaces and with a variety of gaits- - -

Method for Producing Natural Motion)
Patent Application, December 30, 1997

The present invention relates to a mechanism to produce natural motions, or self-motion, of animate and inanimate bodies or of their parts. The mechanism produces motion by coupling, or modulating, mechanical pulses that are generated on the surface, or inside, of the bodies.

- - -The dynamic coupling or modulation of the oscillatory waves which travel within the body, and which are caused by the pulses, produces the desired motions. Here, energy is converted into motion in one step, i.e., turn on the pulses, and motion results instantly.

To produce repeatable motion, fix the above parameters. To produce linear motion, place the motors symmetrically on the sides, on the top, or inside of the body - - -to increase or decrease the speed, increase or decrease the frequency of the pulses - - -to produce stepped-motion, operate the motors at different rotational speeds to induce different pulse rates. To produce smoother motion, increase the frequency of the pulses or add more sources of vibration to the body. To produce random motion, use malleable or elastic bodies.

The mechanism of this invention emulates living motions, and as living motions can take on infinite gaits and forms, so can the mechanism of this invention produce infinite forms of motion. Videotape showing sample motions that can be produced by this invention is submitted with this application. The videotape shows the motions produced in more than 50 models and toys, primarily using the two-symmetric-motors configuration or the Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention, described above- - -

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Natural Motion, Levitation, and Anti-gravity

After the scientific communities’ experience with “cold fusion” in 1989 and AbuTaha’s experience with his Thrust-Doubler Invention in 1993 (see Pulsing Thrust page), he was determined that every “motion model” moved, every feature he proposed repeated, and all mathematical analyses completed before he applied for a Patent. To avoid the terrible past experiences with NASA, DOD and others, AbuTaha applied for a patent in December 1997 and, then, took his “motion models” to DARPA in June 1998. This way, there would be clear record about who was the first and sole inventor of “natural motion.” At DARPA, AbuTaha demonstrated motion models to Dick Urban, Director of the Electronics Technology Office (ETO) and Regina Dugan. It seemed that AbuTaha went to the right office. Urban had a webpage on DARPA’s website, which had an interesting “Ten Point Checklist For Getting It Off The Shelf.” Checklist #10, which should be on everyone’s website, preached: “Be sincere,” “Be honest,” “Uphold the highest moral(e) standards,” and “Set an example.“ ETO seemed to be the best office to deal with.

AbuTaha invested a large sum of money on his invention for decades. What he wanted from DARPA was straightforward. A Letter that he built “motion models” that met the features described in his Patent Application and, if successful, to move on to a Phase II Contract.

Notice in particular that AbuTaha made absolutely no reference or claim to “levitation” or “antigravity” in his patent application, or his extensive report “wave-induced motion” or in any write-ups submitted to DOD, reputable journals, conferences or others. That was not done thoughtlessly.

Dick Urban and Dr. Dugan were impressed with the demonstrations of the motion models. AbuTaha prepared and submitted a White Paper, and a Contract was arranged to build, deliver and test 10 motion models (black boxes). A “black box” was to house all components (motors, batteries, electronics, etc.) internally. Turn on the motors, and the sealed boxes move forward and turn left or right on command, with no wheels, gears, shafts or any external appendages.

The whole effort with DARPA’s ETO and Urban was done in less than six months.

The Urban-DARPA effort was full of irregularities and aggravations.  Urban would not execute a Contract between DARPA and AbuTaha, instead, Urban selected a go-between Company, Walcoff & Associates, Inc. of Fairfax, Virginia. Then, Urban introduced another company into the process, System Planning Corporation (SPC) of Arlington, VA, and introduced Earl N. Powers from SPC to provide support services. Then Urban required the motion models to be remote controlled. Earl Powers had no clue what the invention was about, and AbuTaha built all the models, every piece of every model.  SPC is a reputable hi-tech company with diverse capabilities, and the Contract required Powers to build the RC and IR remote controls. Powers could not build these either, and AbuTaha cannibalized toys to build his own remote controls.

On January 29, 1999, AbuTaha delivered 10 black boxes to DARPA. ETO required that the models “must pass the test in < 20 trials (less than 20 trials). “All the remotely controlled motion models tested on January 29, 1999 succeeded in 1 (ONE) trial” Several DARPA people gathered to witness the tests in the DARPA Building in Arlington, VA. The black boxes moved down a hallway, entered offices, turned around in offices, moved over thresholds, out of the offices and down the hallway. Some of the agency personnel present expressed amazement at what they saw.

What happened next was bizarre. Dick Urban refused to see AbuTaha again and would not respond to any calls or messages.

On February 10, 1999, AbuTaha sent an email message to Dick Urban and DARPA stating:

“There is a long list of follow-up activities to show the great utility of the motion mechanism in surveillance, fighting terrorism, in the battlefield and other applications…”

Yes, fighting terrorism was important in 1999. Urban and DARPA did not answer.

AbuTaha’s last email message to ETO on the subject, March 24, 1999, bluntly asked:

“Did we achieve the basic “proof of concept” goal, i.e., dynamic coupling of pulses can be used to produce controlled motion?”

No response. As described below, rather than put AbuTaha’s invention into critical tasks, such as, “surveillance and fighting terrorism,” Urban, DARPA and others were busy with fanciful profitable ideas: they were trying to use AbuTaha’s natural motion invention to produce antigravity!

DARPA did not issue the Letter of Achievement that was agreed to before the Contract. There was no Phase II Contract. Dick Urban, Earl Powers, and others simply vanished! Rules, Regulations, Laws and Statutes and, even, Urban’s DARPA Ethical Codes also vanished.

More bizarre things happened after 1999. Senior physicists from another reputable national Center, Draper Laboratory, expressed keen interest in AbuTaha’s invention. The interest centered on either sharing the Invention with AbuTaha, or claiming the Invention outright with word manipulations, as indicated in their written submittals. The reputable professional journals stood by idle (see the papers submitted to the Journals in this webpage). All of AbuTaha’s papers were rejected out of hand, and not one paper received the required peer-review.

By that time, AbuTaha could not afford attorneys and he did all the patent legal work himself. That was a mess. The USPTO Examiner offered to give legal suggestions, but only if AbuTaha abandoned his (December 1997) application and started with a new application. Any idiot familiar with patent laws knows what that meant. On average, it takes about 18 months to get a Patent. It took AbuTaha’s 84 months to issue! The Congress had changed the Law for patent rights, from 17 years from the date of issue to 20 years from the date of application. Do the math. The Congress thought they did a great thing, but AbuTaha’s legislators would not help to expedite his patent’s unusually slow proceedings.

In 2001, AbuTaha saw CD video footage that was distributed at a hi-tech Convention showing serious and expensive work based on his “Natural Motion” mechanism. The CD showed “motion models” with substantially inferior performance than what he delivered to DARPA. For example, the models moved at about 0.3 cm/sec (yes, 3 millimeters per second) compared to models that AbuTaha demonstrated to DARPA in 1997, which moved at 30 cm/sec (300 millimeters per second, or 100 times faster). Who was behind the inferior models? Dick Urban, formerly of DARPA and now with Draper Laboratory, Earl Powers from System Planning Corporation, and others introduced to the invention by Urban. The fact that AbuTaha had a pending patent meant absolutely nothing to Draper, SPC, Urban, Powers or the DARPA managers and staff.

What came next was more surreal. Apparently, Urban, Powers, DARPA, SPC, Draper and others thought in 1998 that they would outfox AbuTaha by using his “Natural Motion” Invention, without telling him, to produce and patent the Holy Grail of all inventions, Levitation or antigravity! That must have been the real reason they ushered him out of DARPA and SPC and kept him away from Draper after 1998. The “levitation” possibility must have excited the highest echelons in DOD, NASA and anyone in, and out of, the government who heard about it; and many heard about it.

What no one involved in this saga realized was that AbuTaha was one of the premier investigators of antigravity effects in the 20th century. His antigravity research goes back to the 1950s, and it involved his “natural motion” invention and a long, methodical and expensive research into inertial, gyroscopic, and other techniques. Ironically, senior DOD Officers were involved in that effort twenty years earlier. AbuTaha hardly mentioned his earlier effort to Dick Urban, Earl Powers or others involved in his 1998 Contract to build motion models “to move on floors and carpets” for DARPA.

During the period 1984-86, AbuTaha demonstrated “primitive natural motion” models to experts from NRL, NRO, DARPA, Naval Advanced Fighters, DDR&E, other Centers and some defense Contractors. As described in AbuTaha’s write-ups, the models moved randomly and erratically. Sometimes, the models just wouldn’t move at all. When the models moved briskly (on the floor), everyone got excited. There was no mathematics behind the invention or repeatability of motion. But, motion was produced from within the body. A “mature natural motion model” is described in detail in this webpage. A typical model is also shown here.

In 1985, some military experts wondered that since some models self-moved (to the right in the figure), could the models be turned on their back to move upward, to levitate - the antigravity device (see next figure). AbuTaha changed the course of his 1980’s research and spent 7 years trying to make the thing fly.

Trying to build the antigravity gizmo is exciting and can be addictive. If done methodically, one can learn many things about how nature works. Useful lessons came out of failures. AbuTaha invested heavily in that research, and despite vocal encouragement, none of the DOD offices would chip in a penny. There were talks to give him teams of scientists, engineers and technicians and advanced machine shops at vital facilities to finish the Work, but nothing came out of it. He abandoned the “antigravity” research and returned on his own to the plain “natural motion” technique. It seemed logical to first learn how to walk, before running. AbuTaha’s antigravity research collected dust for 25 years. Although he abandoned the antigravity research, the DDR&E Office in the Pentagon would consult with him, into the early 1990s, about announcements or analysis of antigravity breakthroughs from Europe, Russia and elsewhere. After many flops, AbuTaha determined that “tendency” to move up is not enough. He produced the “tendency” to move up many times. He set a higher standard for success with antigravity. The real, physical, tangible and corporeal body must take off from the ground alone.

Did Dick Urban, Earl Powers, DARPA, SPC, Draper and others produce “levitation,” (with or without AbuTaha’s Natural Motion Invention) in 2001? The answer is NO. System Planning Corporation produced detailed, and well formatted, mathematical analysis to show the possibility of levitation. That impressed many.

Although the “levitation” mathematics of SPC was, in AbuTaha’s opinion, wrong, he could not take a chance. He hurriedly prepared the lengthy report, “wave-induced motion” (in this webpage), and submitted it to the USPTO to defend his patent. The Report gives his detailed mathematics in classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, biomechanics etc. The scope of AbuTaha's invention went beyond anything Urban imagined. The invention was not about black boxes scooting around hallways and offices. The Holy Grail of the "natural motion" invention were "living motion," "quantum motion," and the unprecedented production of the low-pass filter behavior in physical bodies. Urban was not even impressed when these unique effects were  demonstrated to him in his office at DARPA in 1998. He was probably prematurely thinking about antigravity and "levitation." Afterwards, AbuTaha did not hear of other attempts to hijack his invention. That does not mean that infringement of his invention did not go “black.”

Of course, AbuTaha was furious at what happened from 1999 to 2002. He wrote to the Director of DARPA, Senator John Warner and others. His appeals (as with his pulsing thrust invention in 1993) fell on deaf ears. The Government investigated, and dismissed, his allegations. The terrible events of 9/11 added insult to injury. How do you convince the Administration that Arab-Americans are as faithful as any other group in the Country? The people mentioned above and the others involved in AbuTaha's other works are great physicists, engineers and managers, and they made many contributions to the Nation and to science and technology. But, that does not justify the actions they took. The same can be said of the organizations involved.

If the above sounds like a fairytale, here is how Dick Urban, of DARPA and then Draper, described what happened when he was a public servant, working for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) on behalf of the American people. In an email, dated “24 Aug 2001,” Urban explained:

I funded Ali AbuTaha a small amount to develop his concept and then asked Earl (Powers) to help Ali build a robot and provide some scientific analysis about how it worked. All this was about 3 years ago. After the AbuTaha effort ended, Earl came up with the idea that he could use the basic principle of counter-rotating weights to achieve self-contained levitation (Tinkerbell).

AbuTaha’s “concept” was fully developed before he first met Urban and Dugan at DARPA on May 28, 1998, as the many documents in this webpage show, especially, the official application for a patent dated December 30, 1997. "I... asked Earl to... provide some scientific analysis about how it worked," wrote Urban. Urban, Powers, DARPA and SPC had no scientific analysis in 1998, their engineering analysis in 2001 was wrong, and their attempts to duplicate AbuTaha's motion models were inferior. Urban claimed that Powers came up with the idea of “levitation” or antigravity, but that is irrelevant. Had Urban checked with AbuTaha about “levitation” using the invention, AbuTaha would have guided Urban to the record of the antigravity work in DOD. That would have saved the taxpayer a lot of money. Sadly, managers from DARPA, System Planning Corporation (SPC), Draper Laboratory and official inspectors fell for the sham.

As to the possibility of antigravity, AbuTaha will add another page to this website to share his extensive research of the fascinating subject. Related to this, you can Google some of his works on the Cosmic Life Line Concept, Unidentified Flying Objects, Solar Life Hypothesis, etc. Because the antigravity effect remains a possibility, AbuTaha withheld this research for decades primarily for national security reasons. Stay tuned to Shuttlefactor’s antigravity webpage.

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Self-Motion Mechanism (Products)



These are self-contained belts with two small motors, a battery pack, and a switch. Mechanical pulses innervate the muscles to induce forward motion of the human body. The motors placed over the hip joints act as giant neuromuscular junctions. The mechanical pulses generated by the motors bypass the nervous system to activate the muscles. (Tested by the Inventor).

Limb Activators

Artificial limbs and deadened limbs can be activated directly with mechanical pulses generated by two, or more, small dc motors. No gears, shafts, pulleys, linkages or other mechanical devices are required to activate the limbs. Just as in nature, the pulses are directly converted into motion in one step. (Tested by the Inventor).

Moving Mechanical-Muscle-Models

We know that muscles produce motion, but no one knows exactly how. Every biology classroom can use a mechanical-muscle-model that moves. The muscles’ contraction in length and expansion in diameter coupled with the periodic pulses generated by the nervous system are combined in a simple mechanical model to emulate the mind-body system. (Tested by the Inventor).


See our plain chair models (metal, wood, ceramics) move smoothly directly on floors without wheels, giving disabled people undreamed of possibilities for moving around. (Models available for demonstration).


Drive Assist Modules (DAMs)

Combining man’s great invention, the wheel, with nature’s self-motion mechanism will open up possibilities never imagined before. How efficient will the Drive Assist Modules be? Consider this. The most sophisticated engineering attempts to emulate the performance of a whale, a dolphin, a bee, or a bird have failed. The self-motion mechanism opens up the doors for greater safety, reliability and energy efficiency. Here, changing frequency, phase, polarity, or location of the center of gravity can instantly turn a moving body to any desired direction. The DAMs could simply be black boxes fixed in the trunk or on the chassis of a car and connected to the battery, hardly consuming energy, but giving the car an extra push. (Tested by the Inventor).


Modified Propellers for STOL operation

See how the self-motion mechanism can induce controlled motion at much lower RPM than with standard propellers. (Models available for demonstration).



To date, no robots move naturally. Legged robots are clumsy and robots-on-wheels are not true robots. Even using the most advanced computers and electronics, robots continue to be awkward. The problem is not in the brain of the robots, but in the mechanism responsible for motion. Self-motion mechanism is the ideal solution to robotic activation. (Models available for demonstration).

Industrial Mass Movers

Container Movers

The power plant in self-motion is a small fraction of the total weight. Structures and payloads can be made to contribute to momentum than to merely retard the motion. A self contained self-motion belt, or two motors attached separately to the sides of a container, chassis, or structure can move the masses. The self-motion drives can move inordinately heavier masses. The self-motion drives are ideal for use in warehouses, ships, airports, and manufacturing facilities. (Models available for demonstration).


Move old and new toys with belts or with built-in drives

Children and adults will want to own, see and feel toys that move with the self-motion mechanism. Here, you will see how nature converts energy to motion in one step. Put life in old and frozen toys with our PowerBelts for Toys and watch the toys move directly on their bare feet, shoes, boots, skis, or skates. Place an interchangeable PowerBelt around the waist of an old Barbie, GI Joe, Wrestler, and watch the toys sprint, scurry, dash, scoot, ski, skate, slide, glide, slither, and undulate. Use several PowerBelts and have contests, competitions and marathons between your and your friends’ favorite toys. Some toys can be set to emulate walking, stepping, striding, strolling, meandering, and roaming around the kitchen, hallway, walkway, or backyard just like humans or pets. And better yet, see the toys dash forward with our motion mechanism hidden inside the body. (Models available for demonstration).

Working Models or Engineering Prototypes are available for demonstration.  

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